Pedigree: Named after the former Austrian
city of Saaz (now atec, in the Czech Republic). *Noble hop used
extensively in Bohemia to flavor pale Czech lagers such as Pilsner
Urquell. Saaz hops accounted for more than 2/3 of total 2009 hop production
in the Czech Republic.
* The term noble hops traditionally refers to four varieties of hop
which are low in bitterness and high in aroma. They are the central European
Hallertau, Tettnanger, Spalt, and Saaz. They are each named
for a specific region or city in which they were first grown or primarily grown.
They contain high amounts of the hop oil humulene and low amounts of alpha acids
cohumulone and adhumulone, as well as lower amounts of the harsher-tasting beta
acids lupulone, colupulone, and adlupulone. Their low relative bitterness but
strong aroma are often distinguishing characteristics of European-style lager
beer, such as Pilsener,
Dunkel, and Oktoberfest/Märzen. In beer, they are considered aroma hops
- Pilsner Urquell is a classic example of the Bohemian Pilsener style which showcases
the Noble hop Saaz.
General Trade Perception: The classical "noble" aroma
hop with long and strong traditions. Associated with the renowned Pilsner
- Possible substitutions: Tettnanger, Ultra,
Crystal, Centennial, Amarillo.
- Beer Styles: Lager, US Ales, Pilsner, Belgian Tripel & other
- Maturity: Early
- Yield: 800 - 1,000 kg/ha
- Growth Habit: Slow
- Disease Reaction: Susceptible to downy and powdery mildew. Not
tolerant to hop wilt. Shows increased productivity when freed of viruses.
- Cone-Structure: Smallish, light cone.
- Aroma: Cinnamon-spicy, earthy, herbal.
- Lupulin: Not abundant, pale yellow color.